South Korea is a resource-poor country, with about 97% of its energy dependence on imports. Energy shortages and rising oil prices constrain the economic and social development of Korea. Energy conservation has become one of Korea's most important national strategies. Therefore, the LED industry with significant energy conservation and environmental protection significance has received much attention from the Korean government. In 2008, South Korea proposed â€œlow-carbon green growthâ€ as the national strategy for the future, and the LED industry was promoted as a key area. Large companies participate in the formation of production capacity
The Korean LED lighting industry has developed rapidly in recent years, which stems from the Korean government's promotion policies and mechanisms. The South Korean government has been pursuing a big business strategy under the leadership of the government, and through the government and banks to jointly provide funds for enterprises to cultivate large enterprise groups. In the end, large enterprise groups not only become the mainstay of production and management, but also the backbone of foreign trade, and are the core force for technology development, foreign investment, and information gathering.
The lighting industry in South Korea has long protected SMEs. However, as LED semiconductors become key components, large companies such as Samsung Group and LG Group have been involved in the lighting market. After 2010, the Posco Steel Group, which is headed by large-scale iron producers, and the SK Group, which has advantages in oil refining and communication, also indicated that they are involved in this market. Through large-scale investment by large companies, South Korea has jumped to the second place in the global supply chain such as LED chip manufacturing in a short period of time.
In the downstream industries such as lighting equipment manufacturing, in addition to these large enterprises, venture companies have also been established, and SMEs have shown a positive attitude in entering overseas markets. There are about 900 companies engaged in LED lighting business in South Korea. Samsung Electronics (LED Lighting is part of the Life Appliances Division), LG Innotech, Seoul Semiconductor and other three world-class manufacturers have entered the top five global LED revenues. South Korea's next goal is to achieve the top spot in the global LED industry by 2020. Focus on popularization and boost industry development
The popularity of LED lighting is the key to the development of the LED lighting industry. To this end, the Korean government has successively formulated the "LED Lighting 15/30 Popularization Plan" and the "LED Lighting 20/60 Plan" in 2006 and 2011 respectively. The former aims to achieve 30% of the total lighting revenue of Korea by 2015. The latter will set a long-term goal of achieving 60% LED lighting penetration by 2020.
In order to achieve the medium and long-term goals set by the two plans, various levels of government in Korea have formulated corresponding promotion policies. Seoul City has been very active in the popularization of LEDs. It invested 23 billion won in 2007 and 2009, and replaced 156,000 lighting in transportation facilities and 38,000 lighting in public institutions into LED products. As a result, the annual electricity savings have reached approximately 1.6 billion won. Since then, Seoul City has set its own goal of LED lighting penetration rate, that is, efforts to make the LED lighting utilization rate of public institutions reach 50% in 2014 and 100% in 2018, so that the private LED lighting usage rate will reach 100% by 2030. . To this end, Seoul City plans to replace 7.8 million LED lighting equipment by 2014, including 50% of public agency lighting, or 800,000, and 25% of folk lighting, 7 million.
Underground parking is also a key area for popularizing LED lighting. Since the beginning of 2011, Gyeonggi Province and Daegu City in South Korea have begun to promote the popularization of LED lighting in underground parking lots. In May 2012, Seoul City and Korea LED Association jointly released the underground parking lot for apartments and large-scale commercial facilities. The field of LED lighting popularization business "encourage policy, and began to implement in June. According to this encouragement policy, LED lighting can be introduced free of charge in apartments and large-scale commercial facilities in Seoul, and individuals can purchase LED equipment for replacement of parking lot lighting at a price lower than 40% of the market price. Through this measure, Seoul City plans to replace the lighting of the underground parking lot in Seoul area with LED lighting by 2014 to save energy consumption. If this goal is successfully achieved, it is estimated that the annual electricity cost will be about 32.7 billion won. Cut off the source of high energy consumption lighting
In order to realize the popularity of LED lighting from the source, Korea's Ministry of Industry, Trade and Resources recently announced that South Korea will permanently stop importing and manufacturing incandescent bulbs with low power efficiency from January 1, 2014. South Korea made a decision to gradually abolish incandescent bulbs as early as 2008. At present, there are still about 30 million incandescent bulbs still in use in South Korea. If they can be replaced with more energy-saving lamps, they can save more than 1800 GW of electricity a year, enough to supply up to 650,000 families.
Power shortage is a problem that every year in South Korea will face. This year, due to the use of defective components by multiple nuclear power units, it has been ordered to stop operation. The thermal power plants have frequently failed, and the high temperature weather continues, and the power shortage is particularly prominent. The Korean governmentâ€™s aggressive promotion of LED lighting may ease this problem.
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